WEEKS SIXTEEN, SEVENTEEN, EIGHTEEN:
Days One, Two, Three, Four, and Five
Unit Theme: A New Nation - Literary Nationalism, 1800 - 1840
"Writers of this period were influenced both by the Romantic Movement and the youthful optimism of a striving nation. By the early 18700s they began to take up native themes, use American locales, and adopt forms and styles that contributed to the development of a distinctive national literature" (The United States in Literature, 39).
To name qualities the American writers of this period shared with the Romantics of England
To point out uniquely American aspects of characters, settings and situations in the literature of the period
To understand the social and economic forces operating as an influence on the nationalistic writers
To give examples of skill in the handling of literary devices by both poets and prose writers that show sophistication in the new literature
To identify and understand some major themes developed by the authors of the period: the frontier character, the nature of heroic action, the beauty of nature, the celebration of the "common man," and the search for freedom
Unit Skills and Concepts: Each student will
Name qualities the American writers of this period shared with the Romantics of England
Point out uniquely American aspects of characters, settings and situations in the literature of the period
Understand the social and economic forces operating as an influence on the nationalistic writers
Give examples of skill in the in the handling of literary devices by both poets and prosodists that show sophistication in the new literature
Identify and understand some major themes developed by the authors of the period: the frontier character, the nature of heroic action, the beauty of nature, the celebration of the "common man," and the search for freedom.
Students will demonstrate the following understanding in writing and class discussion:
How authors employ imagery and figurative language to create mood
How mood relates to purpose
How to recognize and assess patterns in texts (i.e., motifs, syntax, diction, images, themes)
Biographical influences on authorial purpose
The definition of allegory as symbolic representation (symbolism)
The symbolic role of characters in an allegory
How to avoid summary in composing a literary analysis by developing a cogent thesis statement addressing a writing prompt
How to determine the proper voice according to the requirements of a specific writing situation
Providing textual support by integrating quotes
Active versus passive verbs.
Historical Context of the Pre-Romantics
- Expansion of book publishing, magazines, newspapers
- Industrial Revolution
- Abolitionist movement
- Lessons and Worksheets
- 1800s, 1810s, 1820s, 1830s, 1840s, 1850s
In 1802, July 4, United States Military Academy opens at West Point, New York. Among its cadets will be Ulysses Grant, Robert E. Lee, and Edgar Allan Poe.
In 1803, August 31, Lewis and Clark expedition sets out down the Ohio River.They will complete a three-year journey to the West Coast.
In 1806, Noah Webster issues his Compendious Dictionary of the English Language .
In 1809, Washington Irving publishes History of New York.
In 1814, Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner."
In 1828, Noah Webster publishes American Dictionary of the English Language.
- Short stories, novels, poetry
- Imagination over reason; intuition over fact
- The law of the universe was not static but dynamic with change, growth, and development
- Focused on the fantastic of human experience
- Writing that can be interpreted two ways: surface and in depth
- Focus on inner feelings
- Gothic literature (sub-genre of Romanticism)
Use of the supernatural
Characters with both evil and good characteristics
Dark landscapes; depressed characters
- Washington Irving (1789-1851): Lessons
First famous American writer; called "Father of American Lit"
Wrote short stories, travel books, satires
"Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
"Rip Van Winkle" and the antihero
"Devil and Tom Walker": an encounter-with-the-devil tale
- Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849): Lessons
Created the modern short story and detective story
“The Fall of the House of Usher” short story
“The Masque of Red Death” short story
“The Tell-Tale Heart” short story
“The Cask of Amontillado” short story
“The Black Cat” short story
“The Gold Bug” short story
Inspired future detective/horror stories Poems: "The Raven," "Bells, "Annabel Lee"
Attacked two long-standing conventions: a poem has to be long, and a poem must teach a lesson
- James Fenimore Cooper: Leatherstocking Tales
"Irving, Cooper, Bryant, and Poe are entitled to several 'firsts.' They were among the first professional writers in American, and among the first American writers whose works are still widely read. Irving, Cooper, and Poe developed or helped introduce into America such important fictional forms as the tale, the short story, the novel, and the romance. Bryant and Poe gave a new emphasis to the lyrical and musical qualities of poetry. And all four writers were among the first American Romantics" ("First Harvest" Adventures in American Literature - Heritage Edition).